Resources for Employment Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution; including News, Practice Papers, Professional Profiles, and Court Decisions. Summaries and abstracts are free of charge, for most full text documents a subscription is required.
During recent years, there has been an increase in claims brought against employers arising under the general category of employment torts. These tort theories are widely used, sometimes in an attempt to overcome statutory caps, or to provide additional bases for employer liability.
Overview: The creation of the Single Market and the breaking down of barriers not only aids legitimate business, but may also provide increased opportunities for money laundering and financial crime. European legislation has been adopted to protect the financial system and other vulnerable professions and activities from being misused for money laundering and financing of terrorism purposes.
This opinion provides guidance on how internal whistleblowing schemes can be implemented in compliance with the EU data protection rules enshrined in Directive 95/46/EC.
The number of issues raised by the implementation of whistleblowing schemes in Europe in 2005, including data protection issues, has shown that the development of this practice in all EU countries can face substantial difficulties. These difficulties are largely owed to cultural differences, which themselves stem from social and/or historical reasons that can neither be denied nor ignored.
Though a simple concept, chain of custody can be challenging to uphold for electronic data. Potential electronic evidence must be accounted for from the moment of discovery until admittance at trial to prove its authenticity. Documenting the chain of custody of potential, relevant evidence to disprove tampering or alteration is critical to admissibility at trial.
This Toolkit has been prepared to provide the judges of the Federal Court of Australia with a centrally maintained collection of reference materials, guidelines, precedent materials and checklists to assist with the management of electronic trials and pre-trial, discovery processes relating to paper and electronic documents.
The FLRA is an independent administrative federal agency that was created by Title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. The Act allows certain non-postal federal employees to organize, bargain collectively, and to participate through labor organizations of their choice in decisions affecting their working lives.
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