Cyberspace: United States Faces Challenges in Addressing Global Cybersecurity and Governance (GAO, 2010) resource Research / Studies OCEG Reviewed
Recent foreign-based intrusions on the computer systems of U.S. federal agencies and commercial companies highlight the vulnerabilities of the interconnected networks that comprise the Internet, as well as the need to adequately address the global security and governance of cyberspace. Federal law and policy give a number of federal entities responsibilities for representing U.S.
Managing Data in Latin America (2007) resource White Papers OCEG Reviewed
Introduction: "With so much data privacy activity focused on the United States, the European Union, and Asia, it’s easy to overlook our neighbors to the south – Latin America. Ironically, the region has some of the most unique and diverse privacy laws in the world, along with a growing need for more."
EU, Working Document: Transfers of personal data to third countries: Applying Article 26 (2) of the EU Data Protection Directive to Binding Corporate Rules for International Data Transfers (2003) resource National Laws OCEG Reviewed
As adopted on June 2, 2003.
EU 1995 Data Protection Directive resource National Laws OCEG Reviewed
As posted on the European Commission's Data Protection legislative documents website.
Formal Title: Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data
International Privacy and Data Protection Laws (2008) resource Research / Studies OCEG Reviewed
Introduction and Disclaimer: "The following list is by no means exhaustive or even necessarily up-to-date. As all research was done using Internet resources, it is only as reliable and current as the websites from which the information was gathered. When possible, citations and links to full-text documents were taken directly from official government websites.
Data Privacy and Cross-Border Data Flows resource Agency Web Sites OCEG Reviewed
Posted on the Office of Technology and Electronic Commerce's web site on Electronic Commerce. The Office of Technology and Electronic Commerce (OTEC) is a division of the International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Council of Europe (COE) - Convention on Cybercrime, CETS No. 185 (GRECO, 2001, Rev. 2010) resource International Materials
Introduction: The new technologies challenge existing legal concepts. Information and communications flow more easily around the world. Borders are no longer boundaries to this flow. Criminals are increasingly located in places other than where their acts produce their effects. However, domestic laws are generally confined to a specific territory.
FTC, Peer-to-Peer File Sharing: A Guide for Business (January 2010) resource Agency Guidances
Introduction: Most businesses collect and store sensitive information about their employees and customers, like Social Security numbers, credit card and account information, and medical and other personal data. Many of them have a legal obligation to protect this information. If it gets into the wrong hands, it could lead to fraud and identity theft.